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Sunday, February 10, 2013

Benito Juarez, Don Quixote, and Mexico City street kids; Really?


I have just returned from a long trip which included Mexico City and Riyadh among other places. Riyadh was certainly fascinating in many ways, but my mind keep returning to Mexico. This is because the people who invited me to Mexico (Telefonica Epsana) made a serious mistake -- they invited me to visit a school. 

Now this wasn’t just any school. It was school for street kids, those who sweep up, sell Chick-lets, run errands, or do anything else they can to earn money. Telefonica had convinced the parents of these kids to let them go to school until noon, enabling them to work the rest of the day. Clearly Telefonica is trying to help, but the result isn’t so clear. They don’t have the freedom to design the half day they provide for these kids. The Mexican government, like all governments, still dictates the curriculum. So, the first lesson I heard was about what a wonderful man Benito Juarez was. 








The picture above is of the teacher asking questions of the class about Benito Juarez. Notice that the children are all sitting in front of computers, but they are not using them, they are hearing lecture/quiz kind of thing. They were using them at an earlier point to play with a jigsaw puzzle that had a map of Mexico on it that as far as I could tell was just abut finding pieces that fit and not really about Mexico at all.
Later the students went to into the yard to sing a song about Benito Juarez and to march around while singing it.









The next day I gave a speech about “the role of the teacher in the 21st century” which was the theme of the two day meeting. That speech can be found here. 




It is in English of course but there is a louder Spanish translation above it. Telefonica has been holding discussions about my speech in most of the Latin American countries and in Spain for the last few weeks. Some of the basis of those discussions can be found here (in Spanish.)


For years I have been pointing our the absurdity of the curriculum taught in schools. It is outdated and irrelevant to most children. But in Mexico, I saw a serious need for which I have much empathy and still the school authorities don’t get it.

Really Benito Juarez? (I have the same point of view about George Washington by the way.) So, when these kids go back on the street (and quit school at 14 as I was told they all do) they will know about their national hero. They won’t know how to get a good job however. 

We could be teaching them how to run a business, how to program a computer, how to raise a family, how to find ways to make money -- really anything that might help them get out of poverty. But no, they sing about Juarez.

Now I wish this were just a problem in Mexico but it is problem anywhere and everywhere.

As it happens I speak in Spanish-speaking countries more often than I do in English-speaking ones, so I have learned what I can say that will drive Spanish-speaking intellectuals mad into to get them to think harder about what they are doing to kids.  

I always say for example, that they should stop teaching history. This remark is generally hated in Spain, but apparently I upset a few people in Mexico as well. But how accurate is the history we teach? Mexican history as I understand it is about Spanish occupation and the mistreatment of the local population, some of which is still going on as can be seen from the color of the faces of the children in these pictures. The descendants of the Spanish are not selling Chick-lets.

If you look at the Spanish text in the last link you will see questions that the debates held after my talk have been   centered around. One of these is about my remark that teaching Don Quixote is not necessarily the cleverest idea I ever heard. Don Quixote is required reading in Spain, and as far as I know ,in every other Spanish speaking country. It is defended as learning about their culture. How what happened in Spain in 1605 (or really a novel set in 1605) is of value to Mexicans who really have no need to know about Spanish culture I don't know. Many say that Don Quixote was the best novel ever written. Maybe it was . I don't know. I have managed to live a good life without ever having read it, which is probably true of most Americans (and American Intellectuals) as well.

The only relevant question for me is how these street kids can be helped to live better lives. I don't get how making them read Don Quixote and sing about Juarez will help.

Further I don't get why the Mexican government and the Spanish speaking intellectuals who argue with me about this, are not getting that idea that what they are doing is simply wrong.

It is all well and good to have a view of education that says we need to teach our culture and history and where we came from but this idea flies in the face of reality.

Spain isn’t where most Mexican street kids came from. (A little known fact here is that Spain is actually where my ancestors came from and this makes me not one bit more interested in reading Don Quixote.)

Culture and history is very nice for intellectuals. Let them have it if they want it. And maybe, through Telefonica’s efforts one of these kids will stay in school and become an intellectual. But is that really anyone’s goal? We have plenty of intellectuals. What about the rest of the people? What about the kids who will, at best, live ordinary lives?

Why can’t we start teaching them skills that will help them with their lives and why and why can’t we start doing this now? Teach them to be healthy, productive, have some fun, think clearly, be good to others. Teach them life skills.

The answer that there is no government that I know that actually has that goal. (Maybe Saudi Arabia -- they hinted at it while I was there, but I don’t know if they meant it.)

Governments design schools to make citizens behave themselves, who won’t don’t threaten the status quo. But the status quo isn’t so good in Mexico (or in my country either frankly.) It is time we stopped trying to turn everyone into an academic scholar and help students become functioning adults who can earn a living, raise their children, and all get along with each other. Don Quixote wont help a bit in that kind of education and neither will Benito Juarez.

2 comments:

Felipe Albertao said...

THANK YOU FOR SPEAKING THE TRUTH, DR. SCHANK!!!

I am not Mexican. I am Brazilian, but the situation here is not too different.

The reason they teach about Benito Juarez is really two fold: 1) It's easy; and 2) It's a neutral subject (non-political) that helps to keep the powers-that-be happy. Keep in mind that most of Latin America suffered years under dictatorships, and the curriculum today reflects that.

Ironically, this very same issue happens in the US, as you are well-aware. My wife taught high-school latino kids in the San Francisco Bay Area for many year, and she was always frustrated about the mandated curriculum which had nothing to do with the actual realities faced by the kids. So I would say it is really a cultural issue, which is very difficult to change.

The said part (which you alluded to in your post) is that the privileged kids who actually have cash to pay for private schools are in fact getting good-quality education which is preparing them for real-life jobs. And they grow up and yes, they are the only ones who get the jobs. Just go to any office anywhere in Latin America and you will see an overwhelming majority of Caucasians in the office. Then visit any prision anywhere in Latin America and you will also see a huge majority of non-whites (blacks and indigenous-descendent). That's a DIRECT result of the education they have received.

On the bright side, at least those kids are in the school and not selling chicklets in the streets. Believe it or not this is a big improvement, as in the past the kids schools enrollment was less than 70% (at least in Brazil), and now is probably close to 100%.

The solution in my opinion is to create a parallel non-profit system that uses your learn-by-doing methodology to teach real skills to kids. The problem is that it would create a political issue, meeting resistance from the current powers. Not so much from the current educators (who are in their majority very idealistic, because salaries are low and they chose this profession because they really care) but mostly from politicians who don't want to be challenged.

Please keep posting these wonderful texts, and keep it real!!

PS: I was your former student at CMU in Silicon Valley

Felipe Albertao said...

THANK YOU FOR SPEAKING THE TRUTH, DR. SCHANK!!!

I am not Mexican. I am Brazilian, but the situation here is not too different.

The reason they teach about Benito Juarez is really two fold: 1) It's easy; and 2) It's a neutral subject (non-political) that helps to keep the powers-that-be happy. Keep in mind that most of Latin America suffered years under dictatorships, and the curriculum today reflects that.

Ironically, this very same issue happens in the US, as you are well-aware. My wife taught high-school latino kids in the San Francisco Bay Area for many year, and she was always frustrated about the mandated curriculum which had nothing to do with the actual realities faced by the kids. So I would say it is really a cultural issue, which is very difficult to change.

The said part (which you alluded to in your post) is that the privileged kids who actually have cash to pay for private schools are in fact getting good-quality education which is preparing them for real-life jobs. And they grow up and yes, they are the only ones who get the jobs. Just go to any office anywhere in Latin America and you will see an overwhelming majority of Caucasians in the office. Then visit any prision anywhere in Latin America and you will also see a huge majority of non-whites (blacks and indigenous-descendent). That's a DIRECT result of the education they have received.

On the bright side, at least those kids are in the school and not selling chicklets in the streets. Believe it or not this is a big improvement, as in the past the kids schools enrollment was less than 70% (at least in Brazil), and now is probably close to 100%.

The solution in my opinion is to create a parallel non-profit system that uses your learn-by-doing methodology to teach real skills to kids. The problem is that it would create a political issue, meeting resistance from the current powers. Not so much from the current educators (who are in their majority very idealistic, because salaries are low and they chose this profession because they really care) but mostly from politicians who don't want to be challenged.

Please keep posting these wonderful texts, and keep it real!!

PS: I was your former student at CMU in Silicon Valley